1. WinBox is a very
convenient way to configure MikroTik Router Operating System (RouterOS). Its
user-friendly graphical interface makes it easy and fast. Note that this is a
Remote Configuration window. The software itself is a command line style
2. MikroTik Router Software
features many useful tools, such as Ping Flood. Ping flood sends ICMP (Internet
Control Message Protocol) echo requests to a remote host. It sends the next
request as soon as it receives a reply. Flood ping utility shows sent packets
percentage (from the given number), received packages percentage, minimum,
average and maximal Roundtrip Time of the packages.
3. Traceroute is a TCP/IP
protocol-based utility, which allows the user to determine how packets are being
routed to a particular host. Traceroute works by increasing the time-to-live
value of packets and seeing how far they get until they reach the given
destination; thus, a lengthening trail of hosts passed through is built up. When
the trace is complete, the output indicates total number of hops to the host and
corresponding TTL values per hop.
4. MikroTik Router can be
configured as a bridge. Bridging is used to pass MAC layer packets between
interfaces without any routing. When the routers are used in bridging mode,
Spanning Tree Protocol is used to avoid bridging loops and to communicate
information between routers/bridges. Bridging works only for Ethernet and
5. MikroTik Router allows
you to easily perform user management. You can add, remove users, set names,
groups, and passwords.
6. Using MikroTik Router you
can view system resources in an easy-to-understand form. System resources
include system uptime, total memory, HDD/Flash drive size, CPU type, and CPU
frequency, hardware IRQ's and IO addresses range. This screenshot shows memory
and CPU usage
7. Queuing is a mechanism
that controls bandwidth allocation, delay variability, timely delivery, and
delivery reliability. MikroTik Router supports the following queuing mechanisms:
PFIFO, BFIFO, RED, Split and SFQ.
8. In the MikroTik Router
standard kernel routes are created when adding an address to the router and
static routes are added by the user. A third type of route is created by
software daemons such GateD routing. For exchanging the routing information
between the routers, MikroTik Router Software supports two interior routing
protocols: the Routing Information Protocol (RIP) [Version 1 and Version 2] and
the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) protocol. This screenshot shows OSPF
settings. OSPF is a shortest path first or link-state protocol. OSPF is an
interior gateway protocol that distributes routing information between routers
in a single autonomous system. OSPF chooses the least cost path as the best
9. In the MikroTik Router
Software various system events and status information can be logged. Logs can be
saved in a file on the router or sent to a remote server running a syslog
10. This screenshot shows
RIP protocol settings. RIP selects the route with the lowest metric as the best
route. The metric is a hop count representing the number of gateways through
which data must pass through to reach its destination.
11. Router configuration can
also be performed via telnet. Telnet Console user friendly command interface
allows you to view all available commands, see the tips about their meanings.
You can use [TAB] to complete typed command. If the input is abmiguous the
second [TAB] will show you all possible variants.
12. On this screenshot you
can see the output of traceroute and ping utilities. Traceroute utility
indicates the total number of hops to the destination host. Ping uses Internet
Control Message Protocol (ICMP) Echo messages to determine if a remote host is
active or inactive and to determine the round-trip delay when communicating with
it. It shows Time To Live value of the received packet (ttl) and Roundtrip time
(time) in ms.
13. You can easily move
through the Console command levels and view the current settings anytime. This
example shows the configuration of IP addresses, static routes and interfaces.
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